Mayans settle in the area surrounding the place we call Chiapas, Mexico
1524-27 - Spaniards conquer Mayans - 500 years of exploitation and repression begins
late 1500s - more than half of the Mayan population has been killed by disease and repression, population does not even start to recover for 400 years
1712 - Spanish tribute demands along with crop failures create an indigenous Tzetal uprising - Spaniards brutally put it down
1824 - Chiapas move from control of Guatemala to being a Mexican state, which benefits the rule elites
1867-70 - Indigenous rebellion over taxation, market control and religious freedom in Chamula, once again brutally stopped.
1910-20 - Mexican Revolution - struggle over land rights and indigenous labor in Chiapas, resulting agrarian reform hardly affects Chiapas
1928-1970s - land reform continues to stagnate in Chiapas, culminating with thousands of indigenous being forced off land and into the Lacandon jungle
1974 - Diocese of San Cristobal organizes the Indigenous Congress - 1200 delegates from 300 communities come together to demand land reform, education in native languages, health care and labor rights.
1979 - "Plan de Ayala" created by the National Coordinating Committee - two dozen peasant communities declare themselves independent of the government
1982 - new governor of Chiapas, General Absalon Castellanos Dominguez, in an attempt to control and struggles, increases military presence - his forces kill 102 campesinos, 327 more disappear, 590 imprisoned, 427 kidnapped and tortured, 407 families forced to move and 54 communities are overrun by security forces
1982 - Activists from the National Liberation Forces (FLN), including Marcos, arrive in Chiapas. the EZLN is created on November 17 and includes three indigenous and three mestizos.
1986 - ELZN, by request, enters first indigenous community
1989 - EZLN has grown to 1300 armed members
1992 - President Slinas "reforms" Article 27 of the Mexican Constitution to allow for privatization of ejidos (community landholdings), effectively ending land reform
1993 - a military offensive is approved by Zapatista villages, the Clandestine Indigenous Revolutionary Committee-General Command (CCRI-CG) is formed to lead it.
on to timeline 2...
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