Onward to Revolution


Onward to Revolution
Under US Influence
*July 26, 1953*
1st Agrarian Reform Law
2nd Agrarian Reform Law
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Struggle Continues



  [1] [2]

          1891 happens to be the same year in which Jose Marti held found the Cuban Revolutionary Party.  The main object of this new movement in the ongoing struggle of Cuban Libre was Cuban “independence from Spain and the United States—untrammeled, unconditional, uncompromising national sovereignty.”[3]  Marti asserted, “The solution to the Cuban problem is not a political but a social one.”[4] Samuel Farber sums up Marti by insisting, “Marti’s thoughts and actions were populist rather than aristocratic, democratic rather than pervaded by the authoritarianism of Bolivar; and although he was not a socialist his politics were certainly socially aware.”[5]  Perhaps it is also important to highlight that Marti’s philosophy was “accompanied by a strong element of voluntarism and romanticism which came to pervade the Cuban populist tradition.”[6]  Marti was likewise apprehensive regarding the intentions of the U.S.  Marti warned, “A country that trades with only one country dies.”[7]  This caused Marti to advocate a speeding war, thus eliminating Spanish rule before the US could act.  In this was, movement Marti helped founds had an economic, as well as social and political, component.  Jean-Paul Sartre argued, “The ‘great Spanish-Cuban war” was not simply an anticolonialist insurrection.  The country wanted to revise its outmoded structures, to bring about, one hundred years late, its bourgeois revolution, and to found its civil liberties on economic liberalism—the rights of the citizen over those of the landowner, [and] a modest but effectual industry.”[8]  However, lamentably, Marti die early in the conflict and “far from being the spontaneous mass uprising and quick overthrow of the Spanish government Marti had envisioned...the War of Independence became a protracted struggled which dragged on for three years and ended with the foreign intervention Marti had hoped its quickness would forestall.”[9]


For more information:






[1] http://balrog.sdsu.edu/~putman/410b/popimperiallesspln.htm


[1] www.wolfcalls.com/ cuba/josemrti.htm


[2] http://www.oldcubaart.com/G-20Cuba193372.jpg


[3]Ibid.,  146.


[4] Ibid., 145.

[5] Samuel Farber, Revolution and Reaction in Cub, 1933-1960: A Political Sociology From Machado to Castro (Middletown, Conn:  Wesleyan University Press, 1976), 29.


[6] Ibid., 30


[7]Ibid.,  23.


[8] Jean-Paul Sartre, Sartre on Cuba. Westport, Conn:  Greenwood Press,1960), 23.

[9] Perez, Cuba, 30.


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